The shoulder is the most flexible joint in the body making it the most susceptible to instability and injury.
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Shoulder instability is a chronic condition that causes frequent dislocations of the shoulder joint.
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The shoulder is a complex joint where several bones, muscles, and ligaments connect the upper extremity to the chest. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that attach to the bones of the shoulder joint providing movement and stability to the shoulder.
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The glenoid is a shallow cavity of the shoulder blade (scapula). The ball-shaped head of the upper arm bone (humerus), articulates with the glenoid to form the ball-and-socket joint of the shoulder joint.
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The scapulothoracic joint is located where the shoulder blade or scapula joins the rib cage. The scapula moves easily due to the presence of bursa (fluid filled sacs) which helps in the smooth movement of the joint. Inflammation of the bursa is termed
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The rotator cuff is a group of tendons in the shoulder joint that cover and provide support to the shoulder joint, enabling wider range of motion. A tear in the rotator cuff is one of the most common causes of shoulder pain in middle aged adults and older individuals.
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Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive diagnostic and surgical procedure performed for joint problems. Shoulder arthroscopy is performed using a pencil-sized instrument called an Arthroscope.
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The shoulder is a highly movable body joint that allows various movements of the arm. It is a ball and socket joint, where the head of the humerus (upper arm bone) articulates with the socket of the scapula (shoulder blade) called the glenoid.
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Reverse total shoulder replacement, is an advanced surgical technique specifically designed for rotator cuff tear arthropathy, a condition where the patient suffers from both shoulder arthritis and a rotator cuff tear.
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Click on the topics below to find out more from the orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.